Text of Paris Agreement on Climate Change

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change is an international treaty designed to address the critical issue of global climate change. The agreement was signed on December 12, 2015, at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris, France.

The text of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change is a lengthy document that outlines the goals, principles, and mechanisms necessary for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and addressing the impacts of climate change. The agreement is divided into several sections, each of which covers a specific aspect of the problem.

The preamble of the agreement sets out the context and background for the treaty, including the need for urgent action on climate change and the recognition of the importance of protecting human rights and promoting sustainable development.

The first article of the agreement sets out the long-term goal of keeping global temperature rise well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C. This is a significant departure from previous climate agreements, which had focused on limiting temperature rise to 2°C.

The second article of the agreement outlines the mitigation efforts that each country must undertake to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Countries are required to submit nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that outline their targets and plans for reducing emissions, as well as their plans to adapt to the impacts of climate change.

The third article of the agreement outlines the transparency and accountability mechanisms that will ensure that countries are meeting their commitments. Every five years, countries must submit updated NDCs and report on their progress towards meeting their targets.

The fourth article of the agreement establishes a financing mechanism to support developing countries in their efforts to address climate change. Developed countries are required to provide financial assistance to developing countries, including through the Green Climate Fund, to help them reduce their emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

The final article of the agreement sets out the procedures for its entry into force, including the requirement that at least 55 countries representing at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions ratify the agreement.

Overall, the text of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change is an important document that outlines a comprehensive and ambitious plan for addressing the urgent and pressing issue of global climate change. Its provisions set out clear targets, mechanisms, and financing structures that will help countries work together to reduce emissions and protect the planet for future generations.

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