Hindi Adjective Agreement

Hindi Adjective Agreement: A Guide for Copy Editors

As a copy editor, it is important to have a good understanding of Hindi adjective agreement. This will ensure that your Hindi text is grammatically correct and easy to understand for your target audience. In this article, we will discuss some key aspects of Hindi adjective agreement.

First and foremost, it is important to understand that in Hindi, adjectives always agree with the noun they modify in gender, number, and case. This means that if the noun is feminine, the adjective must also be feminine. Similarly, if the noun is plural, the adjective must be plural as well. In addition, the case of the noun also affects the agreement of the adjective.

Let`s take a look at some examples to better understand this concept:

– एक सुंदर लड़की (Ek sundar ladki) – A beautiful girl

In this example, the adjective सुंदर (sundar) is modifying the feminine noun लड़की (ladki) which means girl. The adjective agrees with the noun in gender and is feminine. If the noun was masculine, the adjective would have been सुंदरा (sundara).

– दो लंबे इंसान (Do lambe insaan) – Two tall people

In this example, the adjective लंबा (lambe) is modifying the plural noun इंसान (insaan) which means people. The adjective agrees with the noun in number and is plural. If the noun was singular, the adjective would have been लंबा (lamba).

– तुम वहाँ कैसे पहुँचे? (Tum vahan kaise pahuche?) – How did you reach there?

In this example, the adjective कैसा (kaisa) is modifying the masculine noun पहुँच (pahunch) which means reach. The adjective agrees with the noun in case and is in the nominative case. If the noun was in a different case, such as accusative, the adjective would have been कैसे (kaise).

In addition to gender, number, and case, it is also important to consider the degree of comparison when dealing with Hindi adjectives. In Hindi, there are three degrees of comparison: positive, comparative, and superlative. The positive degree is used to describe a basic quality of the noun. The comparative degree is used to compare two nouns and the superlative degree is used to describe the highest degree of a quality.

Let`s take a look at some examples to better understand this concept:

– यह फल स्वादिष्ट है। (Yah phal swadisht hai) – This fruit is tasty.

In this example, the adjective स्वादिष्ट (swadisht) is in the positive degree, describing the basic quality of the fruit.

– यह फल उससे अधिक स्वादिष्ट है। (Yah phal usse adhik swadisht hai) – This fruit is tastier than that.

In this example, the adjective स्वादिष्ट (swadisht) is in the comparative degree, comparing the taste of two fruits.

– यह फल सबसे स्वादिष्ट है। (Yah phal sabse swadisht hai) – This fruit is the tastiest.

In this example, the adjective स्वादिष्ट (swadisht) is in the superlative degree, describing the highest degree of taste in a fruit.

In conclusion, as a copy editor, understanding Hindi adjective agreement is crucial for producing accurate and high-quality Hindi text. Remember to always make sure that your adjectives agree with the noun they modify in gender, number, case, and degree of comparison. With this knowledge, you can ensure that your Hindi text is grammatically correct and effective in conveying your message to your target audience.

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